Why does BMS for lithium battery so important

Why does BMS for lithium battery so important

Go green with Rattan this Earth Day Reading Why does BMS for lithium battery so important 2 minutes Next Mothers' Day is coming

The batteries are very powerful, but their reactions to misuse can be dangerous. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor each electrochemical cell to prevent such cases of unauthorized use.


This monitoring work is carried out thanks to an electronic management card called BMS “Battery Management System”


Lithium cells are very sensitive to their environment: If they are exposed to too severe conditions (voltage, temperature) or if they are subjected to shocks, this can lead to safety problems in the battery.


As the electrolyte is liquid, the risk of short-circuit due to leakage can quickly become dangerous. The liquid reacts with air or water and becomes extremely corrosive.


Critical cases:


Exposure to too high or too low temperatures

Over-discharge followed by recharging

Short circuit


A good quality BMS brings you:

It interrupts the discharge of the cells before it becomes critical for the life of the battery.

It interrupts the charging of the cells before they are overcharged…

It optimizes a homogeneous loading from one cell to another

It estimates battery ageing via SOH “State Of Health” and can tell you the number of cycles performed.

It allows you to know in real time the state of charge of your battery thanks to the SOC “State Of Charge”.

It permanently protects the components against overvoltage or undervoltage.

It prolongs the life of your battery by defining an optimized range of use for electrochemical cells.

Via its communication bus, it can control chargers and consumers, such as a motor controller, in order to optimise battery usage and overall system behaviour.

It can manage several batteries in parallel or in series, to manage more powerful or more capacitive systems.